The painting "Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception" was created by Emilian Partykiewicz in 1869. It is a reproduction of the painting of Michał Stachowicz from 1809 which earlier was located in the altar and is already the third painting with the same representation from this altar. The image has features characteristic for the painting of the 19th century. Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception was depicted in traditional iconographic convention, with a reference to the words of St. John's Book of Revelation: "And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed in the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head" (Revelation 12,1). The symbol of the moon under Mary's feet is ambiguous. Usually, it is regarded as a symbol of evil. According to the commentators of the Apocalypse, the horns of the moon should face downwards, since from the top it was lighted by sun that the Woman was wearing.
Maria Działo, "Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception ", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2023, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/our-lady-of-the-immaculate-conception-12