The painting is a work of undetermined authorship. The exact time of its creation is also unknown. It is known that the painting has been placed in the altar of the Crucifixion from at least 1709, but it was not intended for it. The composition of the work was indirectly based on a painting on the same subject by Peter Paul Rubens from 1610-1611. Rubens's work became a model for numerous engravers who repeated the composition of the said painting in their engravings. An example of such an engraving, which might have been a compositional design for the author of a painting in Wola Radziszowska, is the engraving "Christ Crucified" by Paulus Pontius, from 1631. The painting "Crucifixion" was renewed in 1863 and in 1996 by Dorota Wąchalska-Konik.
Justyna Kuska, "Crucifixion", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2022, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/crucifixion-1