The painting of Catherine of Alexandria was produced by Marian Szczurowski in 1910. Saint Catherine came from Alexandria. According to legend, she was a princess, therefore, she is portrayed in royal garb with a diadem. During the persecution of Christians under Emperor Maxentius, she was captured and sentenced to cruel torture. A wheel and sword are her attributes, as they were used to torture and kill her. The woman saint holds also a martyr's palm and a lily twig symbolising chastity.
Paulina Kluz, "St. Catherine of Alexandria", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2021, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/st-catherine-of-alexandria-6