The relief was created in an unknown sculpture workshop around 1693-1705. It was placed on the high altar in the church in Orawka. It has formal features similar to the 17th-century works. The sculpture is characterised by a calm expression on her face, devoid of dynamic facial expression. Saint John the Baptist was a hermit, prophet, son of Zechariah and Elisabeth. John the Baptist exposed himself to King Herod, reprimanding him for his illegitimate relationship with Herodiana. He was beheaded in the Fortress of Machaerus on the Dead Sea at the request of Salome, the daughter of Herodiana. The representation of the head lying on the plate is one of the elements of St. John the Baptist's iconography.
Maria Działo, "Saint John the Baptist's Head ", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2024, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/saint-john-the-baptists-head