The Ecce Homo painting refers to the scene in which Pilate showed the flagellated and crowned Jesus to the Jewish people, saying, "Here is a man!" (Jn 19: 1-5). This image refers to the modern Polish iconography of Ecce Homo, characterised by a reduction of the theme, i.e. a limitation to present only the most important figures, without unnecessary staffage. The way of painting is close to works created at the beginning of the 18th century.
Maria Działo, "Ecce Homo ", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2021, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/ecce-homo-9