The painting shows Our Lady of Sorrows and is an illustration of a fragment of the Gospel of Saint Luke. Unfortunately, archival sources do not reveal the author of the work, which was created in the 18th century. Presentations of Our Lady of Sorrows pierced with the sword appeared in the Middle Ages. However, the image became independent only at the end of the 15th century and the beginning of the 16th century, gaining great popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Maria Działo, "Our Lady of Sorrows ", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2023, source: https://sdm.upjp2.edu.pl/en/works/our-lady-of-sorrows-3