Christ in the Mystical Winepress

Catalogue note author
Justyna Kuska


The painting in question is a work of undetermined authorship, probably created in Lesser Poland in the second half of the 17th century. Its creator was probably a local painter specialising in religious paintings. His workmanship skills place him in the circle of provincial baroque authors. The history of the work is unknown – it is not known whether it was originally intended for the temple in Paczółtowice or it was later added to its furnishings. In art, the oldest representations of the Mystical Winepress appeared in the second half of the 12th century, however, the first examples of the implementation of the theme in the form known from the painting of Paczółtowice are dated only to the first quarter of the 15th century (around 1420). The literary source of this iconographic type is the Old Testament prophecy of the prophet Isaiah, describing a young man dressed in a purple robe and using the winepress alone (Is 63, 1-3). In the literal sense, the prophecy foretells God's judgment on unspecified enemies, but in Christian exegesis it was translated as an announcement of the future Passion of Christ. The motif of the chalice in which the blood of Christ is mixed with grape juice, which is a clear Eucharistic reference, appeared at the beginning of the 15th century.

How to cite?

Justyna Kuska, "Christ in the Mystical Winepress", [in:] "The Sacred Lesser Poland Heritage", 2024, source:

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